iv. Make good faith efforts to repay any credit before the expiration of 6 months. If this attempt fails, the creditor does not have to try to repay the balance at the end of the 6-month period. INSTALLMENT PAYMENT AGREEMENT: When a consumer borrows money to purchase, own and use goods while making payment of the loan amount plus interest and/or fees/charges. The property passes when the loan amount is repaid. For example, a motor vehicle. A bank enjoys a certain position of power and for this reason it is assumed that a bank is attentive to the interests of its customers, who depend entirely on the bank for their funding. A bank therefore has a special duty of care (zorgpflicht). The bank must act in accordance with this special duty of care if it decides to terminate a credit relationship with a customer (opzeggen). Whether a bank can effectively terminate a loan agreement on the basis of a contractually agreed termination regulation is often not easy and depends on the type of borrower, the availability of alternative financing and the reason for termination. This article examines recent Dutch case law illustrating the factors taken into account by the courts in assessing the validity of a dismissal.
(2) refund part of the remaining balance within seven working days following receipt of a written request from the consumer; (a) Appropriations. If a credit account creates a balance of more than $1 in a credit account (by transferring funds to a lender in excess of the total amount of an account, through discounts on unearned financing costs or insurance premiums, or by amounts otherwise owed or held in favour of the consumer), the lender must: II. Repayment of a credit balance prior to receipt of a written request (pursuant to § 1026.11(a)(2)) by the consumer. On 10 October 2014, the Dutch Supreme Court confirmed that a bank may invoke a contractually agreed termination clause, unless this is unacceptable under the standards of reasonableness and fairness (de eisen van redelijkheid & billijkheid).4 Until now, a bank could only terminate a loan agreement in compelling circumstances (even if the loan agreement contained a termination clause). 1. Expiration date. The loan agreement determines whether an open plan has a specified expiration date (maturity) or not. Creditors who offer accounts without a specified expiration date are prohibited from terminating those accounts solely because a consumer does not have to pay a financing fee, even if the credit cards or other access devices associated with the account expire after a certain period of time.
Creditors may still terminate these accounts for inactivity pursuant to Section 1026.11(b)(2). − whether there is a significant deterioration in the creditworthiness of the borrower and/or an increase in the credit risk of the bank; – whether the behaviour and reliability of the borrower (e.g. whether the borrower has provided relevant information to the bank); – whether and to what extent the borrower has not fulfilled the credit agreement; − whether the bank`s decision before terminating the loan agreement, how the bank consulted the borrower and whether the bank notified the borrower before termination; AND – whether the bank has created false expectations through its own behaviour (for example, by allowing the borrower to exceed credit limits). The following types of contracts are generally covered by the Consumer Credit Act: ii. A card issuer may credit the account with fees and charges charged after the date of receipt of reasonable notice of death from the consumer. Loan documents between a bank and a borrower can vary greatly depending on the size of the loan. Syndicated loans involve a facility officer or security guard, as well as long and comprehensive agreements that have been intensively negotiated by legal advisors. At the other end of the spectrum is a single bank core credit facility based on the General Banking Terms and Conditions (GTC).1 The Consumer Credit Agreements Act contains a number of mandatory rights for consumers and obligations for lenders from which the parties cannot derogate by mutual agreement. A loan agreement termination is a legally valid document that is signed when the term of the original loan agreement is over. This document serves to exempt the lender and borrower from their mandatory roles set out in the original loan agreement. This agreement is drafted and signed when the borrower repays the loan amount plus applicable taxes, interest and other fees.
CREDIT FACILITY: where money, goods or services are provided by the creditor at the request of the consumer. Repayment of the loan, goods or services, as well as interest and/or fees/costs, will be deferred to a certain date in the future. For example, credit cards, overdrafts, etc. When can a lender terminate a loan agreement? The Supreme Court`s decision did not specify which circumstances are relevant to determining the validity of the termination of a credit agreement. However, it held that a bank`s duty of care under Article 2 of the CGI, which requires the bank to take the best interests of the customer into account, may be relevant in assessing the validity of a termination.